MEDiLOO® is a revolutionary crossover invention currently under development for early identification and prevention of disease spread, monitoring of public health and detection of epidemic outbreaks, by combining advanced technology and cutting-edge sanitation.
What is MEDiLOO®?
MEDiLOO® is a valuable addition to existing public health systems which can be adapted to various states of medical development and local circumstances. It is not a replacement for traditional medical diagnostic methods; its main benefits are improving sanitation management, especially under challenging conditions usually prevailing in less developed countries, continuous non-invasive monitoring of the health of its users, and early indication of diseases and outbreaks.
How does the MEDiLOO® work?
MEDiLOO® INTEGRATES THREE DISTINCTIVE COMPONENTS:
A NON-INVASIVE SCREENING SYSTEM IN THE TOILET
DATA HANDLING AND COMMUNICATION SOFTWARE (MEDiLOOapp®)
A STATE-OF-THE-ART SANITARY FACILITY/TOILET
Depending on the privacy package applicable for a particular local situation, the visitor (or any other authorized user of the information) can be informed about the results in either a simple or a more extensive manner. For example, light signals in different colors or text display can be positioned inside the MEDiLOO® toilet, indicating the gravity of his/her health condition (green: no indication of health issues, yellow: recommendation to see the doctor, no urgency, and red: contact the doctor immediately). These, and more advanced information, including the results of screening, can also be obtained from the MEDiLOOapp®, given that the user or authorized person has created an account and accepted the privacy and ethics policies in place. In the case of a yellow or red light indication (when there is an indication of a transmittable disease or diseases), the toilet (in case it is external household or public toilet) will automatically be locked down after the use, and emergency security procedures will be engaged including the safe removal and handling of the contaminated waste, and cleaning and disinfection of the toilet. A service alarm will be sent to the designated person in charge of the operation and maintenance of the MEDiLOO® toilet, while the health warning signal/message will be shared with the user or authorized person in charge (depending on the application). For visual impaired users, a trill alarm can be added to the toilet and smart phone. All the electronic components are integrated into a system with a central processing unit with microcomputer and the communication hardware, GPS and GSM cards, to link the toilet with the authorized user, via the MEDiLOOapp®.
The third component is a MEDiLOO® toilet structure and infrastructure. The main function of the toilet structure is to integrate the sanitation features of a toilet with the technological features for health screening. The toilet infrastructure is necessary to make the toilet operational and sustainable.
The MEDiLOO® toilet from a sanitary engineering perspective can be supplied as a standard bathroom appliance or, in case of external use, as standalone unit or in blocks, dry or water-based, urine diversion or mixed, squatting or seating, etc. This all depends on the cultural, social and economic conditions in the place of application. The MEDiLOO® configurator will also have a module which will deal with the selection of the most appropriate technical solution (toilet type) from the sanitary engineering perspective. For example, requirements for emergency sanitation are more demanding in comparison with standard sanitation (e.g. because of the need of rapid deployment, transport, erection of a large number of toilets in a short period of time and many other factors).
MEDiLOO® toilets are envisaged to be available from a regular sanitation shops but also (in case of pro-poor external applications) built locally, as much as possible from local materials, and to be self-sustainable for energy thanks to solar panels incorporated in the roof of the toilet. The present pro-poor design concept includes the safe (containerized) collection of human excreta (faeces and urine) and of menstrual hygiene products that enables their safe transport to a designated treatment/disposal location. The options for high-end markets include screening features that are integrated in the standard sanitary hygiene units like toilet bowls, seats, mirror, floor and appliances like a toothbrush.
WHAT ABOUT PRIVACY AND ETHICS?
The software has the capacity to collect, process and store large amounts of individual data and the information is capable of identifying the early symptoms of epidemics in the region of interest.
In addition, the software is capable of longitudinal monitoring of the health of individuals and groups. In acknowledgement of the diversity and complexity of challenges in urban sanitation worldwide, the MEDiLOO® considers the requirements of women and men, adults and children, and people with disabilities.
CAN MEDiLOO® BE CUSTOMIZED?
Because of the diversity of objectives, target diseases and associated ethical and privacy conditions, the MEDiLOOconfigurator® has been developed. This is a decision support tool for the selection of the most appropriate and cost-effective combination of MEDiLOO® functionalities that are tailor-made for particular target group(s) and application(s). The MEDiLOOconfigurator® applies an eight-step approach that will lead to the required combination of features and functionalities of the MEDiLOO® for a particular situation. Depending on the scope defined in the MEDiLOOconfigurator®, the cost of the MEDiLOO® toilet system can be determined. The content of the configurator shown below is only indicative and it can be shortened or expanded, depending on the scope, objectives, ambition, available technology and analytical tools.